Posts Tagged ‘soccer’

Physics of the Vuvuzela: Update!

July 4, 2010 1 comment

In a previous post, I talked about the physics of the vuvuzela. That annoying trumpet at the World Cup which has gotten so much press lately.

I discussed how they work, why they are so loud and why they are so annoying. And why filtering the sound from the TV broadcasts would be very difficult to implement.

But, in the infinite ingenuity of the human race, one New York video producer has found an brilliant and awesome use for the vuvuzela.

BP CEO Tony Hayward

Adam Quirk is apparently raising money to hire 100 vuvuzela players to play out front of BP headquarters in London for an entire day.

The stunt is intended to remind BP that they have some shit to do, and shouldn’t be dragging their feet. The oil spill is now the worst in the history of the Gulf.

This idea with the vuvuzelas is brilliant. They have gotten so much attention lately that this story will surely garner some attention, assuming they can raise enough money. And of course, vuvuzelas are just friggin annoying. So hats off to you Adam Quirk, give those morons what they deserve.

Why It Pains Me to Watch the World Cup

July 3, 2010 Leave a comment

This is usually a science blog. But with the World Cup on, I think I’ll digress…

I’m from Canada, but my grandparents come from Holland. So you’ll find me walking the streets in my Oranje jersey during the World Cup (take THAT Brazil!).

Football (or ‘Soccer’, as it is called in my homeland) is a physically intense, strategic sport.

It requires teamwork, thoughtful planning and well-timed execution. I have the utmost respect for the endurance and pressure faced by soccer players from all nations.

Between World Cups though, I don’t watch a lot of soccer. Its not a very popular sport here, and by the time the World Cup runs  around, I start to wonder why.

Unfortunately, it only takes about 10 minutes of watching the first game in the group stage to remember exactly why.

Sit around a pub table with a group of Canadians while watching soccer, and this is what you’ll hear:

“Ugh, what a baby!”

“He called THAT a foul!?!”

“Get the hell up! He barely touched you!”

“What the hell is he crying for?”

Canadians are tough. Thats not me being arrogant, its a fact. Look at Steve Nash in the NBA. How many other basketball players would play when their face looks like this?

And how about hockey? That just speaks for itself.

So we can’t stand it to see people diving, falling, and crying. Its a sport. Grow up and be a sportsman.

Whats even more frustrating is FIFA, which doesn’t want to do a damn thing to fix the sport. How bout 2 referees? Nope.

And now with those two really controversial goals for England and Mexico, people are screaming for video replay. But what is FIFA’s response?

They say it will interfere with the “flow” of the game, because soccer is a game that “never stops”. Bullshit!

Maybe the clock doesn’t stop, but the action stops probably just as often, if not more so, than in hockey. The ball goes out of bounds, some moron decides to showcase his diving skills, players ignore the play and throw up their arms at the referee trying to get a phantom handball called. All this interferes with the “flow” of the game, and no one seems to care.

The play stops all the time, so your game is no better than anyone else’s. And for a game like soccer, it would only take 15-20 seconds to check the replay and see if the ball crossed the goal line, or if the attacking player was offside. These are obvious calls on a TV monitor, but are very difficult for a single referee and his assistants.

So FIFA, please do what you can to improve your game. Because we in Canada are huge sports fans, and we appreciate the good things about your sport. But my god, quit diving and play the freakin’ game!

Physics of the Vuvuzela

June 15, 2010 Leave a comment


Watching the World Cup usually has great auditory accompaniment. Rousing choruses of song and cheer. The “Ooohs” and “Aaahs” of the crowd when a shot is taken.

But this year, all we hear is the Vuvuzela; that annoying plastic trumpet that no one in the crowd seems to get tired of blowing. Yet everyone watching at home is getting tired of listening.

But why are they so loud, and why are they SO annoying?

The Vuvuzela has been popular at South African sports games for quite awhile, not just at the World Cup. It was for this reason that FIFA decided not to ban the vuvuzela in the first place (despite numerous requests from players and fans).

The traditional Vuvuzela is about 60 cm long, and is played by buzzing the lips like when playing a trumpet. This produces a sound around 230 Hz (in the key of B-flat, for the musically inclined). However, the shape and length of the Vuvuzela also causes it to generate harmonic frequencies. These are sounds with frequencies which are multiples of the base frequency. In the case of the Vuvuzela, the base frequency is 230 Hz (also called the first harmonic frequency),  will produce what is called the “second harmonic frequency” at 460 Hz. The “third harmonic frequency” is generated at 920 Hz, and so on. So instead of hearing a dull hum, we get an extra excrutiating sampling of higher frequencies.

But its so loud! The Vuvuzela can actually produce sounds of up to 128 decibels, bordering on the threshold of pain. For comparison, this is roughly the sound level of a jet engine around 100 m away. Imagine that noise level sustained for 2 hours while sitting in the grandstands. Not my idea of fun.

It is so annoying too. The flared at the end of the trumpet is problematic as it accentuates the higher harmonic frequencies, which human ears are more sensitive too. This is why it sounds less like a dull hum on the TV, and more like a huge swarm of bumblebees.

There are quite a few sites out there now offering “Vuvuzela Filters” which claim to get rid of that annoying hum once and for all. But don’t get your hopes up…

Noise cancelling technology works by generating a tone at the same frequency as the one it is trying to get rid of, only 180 degrees out of phase. This causes destructive interference, and essentially eliminates both sound waves, and results in wonderful quiet.

A filter may be able to help with a single vuvuzlea blowing constantly, but a crowd full of fans blowing the horn at different times and slightly different frequencies will be extremely difficult to filter out.

Some advanced filtering software may be able to do the job, but I am HIGHLY skeptical that there is any filter that would do a good job with this situation. My advice? Get used to it. I know it sucks, but the World Cup is still exciting, and the next one is only four years away…

July 5 2010 UPDATE!

I’ve just written a post about a good use of the Vuvuzela. Check it out here!